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Welcome to the homepage of the 'Hungarian Moving Image and Media Education Association'

It has been developed to help students and teachers deal with media work in classrooms and to prove an opportunity for communication. In this English version, we provide you some information on Media Education in the Hungarian National Curriculum. We would be glad to read your opinion and questions.

Please contact us on the following e-mail account:fazek@mail.matav.hu

Media Education in the Hungarian
National Curriculum

In 1996, after 10 years of preparation, the 'Moving Image Programme' was accepted to aid in the implementation of the new subject, titled 'Culture of the Moving Image and Media Education', into the new National Curriculum. The new subject will be starting with the Curriculum from 1998/99. It will affect students in Years 7-12 (students of 12-18). The aim of creative media pedagogy is to improve visual language reading and writing skills as a vehicle for understanding the media and the world of images surrounding us. Media education has already had a long history within the aesthetic and semiotic tradition and has now combined with aspects of sociology and civic education.

The parts of the 'Moving Image Programme'

Initial teacher training programme

The first initial teacher-training course was launched within the Aesthetics Department of a major Hungarian university (ELTE, Budapest) in 1994/95. It could serve as a model for the future media pedagogy training. The 35 students of this first course finished their studies in 1997/98. The training in the 8-term course takes 12-14 hours a week. It contains 8 terms of film history and analysis, 6 terms of practice for film structure and theory, 4 terms of mass-culture theory, practice of film criticism, theory of television genres, teaching methodology and practice. There are more initiatives in progress all over the country (in six institutions of higher education).

Support network and in-service training courses

The implementation of the new subject needs experts with special professional and managing qualities. So 30 people were chosen to take a course of 600 hours in order to become moderators in the different counties. They generally have a great partnership with the members of the County Education Institute. Their tasks are to establish the Regional Media Education Centers (support network) and organize their work, manage the implementation process in their region, provide in-service training courses for teachers, and to offer a consulting service.

In-service courses organized by the Regional ME Centers

Since 1997, there have been in-service courses (30-120 hours) in six cities. About 20-40 people take part in each of them.
Their aims are as follows:
  • to introduce teachers to sample media education syllabuses based on the Statutory Guidance and new teaching materials;
  • to give basic information on the implementation of the new subject;
  • to help teachers create their own media education syllabus within their local schools' curriculum;
  • to give some examples of how to teach about film language, creative media pedagogy, analysis and so on.

    By 2002, the year of the first general exam (10. Year-16 years) of media education, we aim to have about 200 graduated teachers and 500 with basic practice in teaching media education.

    Media Education in the Curriculum Syllabus Database

    Although the national Curriculum requires a minimal element of the 'Culture of the Moving Image and Media Education' from every student before taking the general exam, the school decides what kind of programme to chose between the three different levels: minimal, general or extra.

    minimal general extra
    7-8. Years 15-20 (lessons a year) 25-30 45-50
    9-10. Years 20-25 35-45 65-75
    11-12. Years 35-45 65-75

    Media education is a required subject either on its own or as integrated part of other curriculum areas such as Hungarian, History and Civic Education, Visual Culture and Information Technology.

    The National Institute for General Education collects syllabuses for all types of media work. It has also ordered some samples, which are beyond the expectation of the attainment target and based on experiences. This database is available in every Regional Media Education Center and through the 'SULINET-IRISZ' (a closed-community Internet chain developed specially for schools) as well.

    Teaching materials:
    Textbooks, manual for teachers, readers, audiovisual teaching aids
    Textbooks with different aspects of media work (aesthetic, semiotic, sociological or mixed) have already been released. One of them is designed for children ages 6 to 11 which have not yet been exposed to the statutory media curriculum.
    There is a teaching pack with a textbook, a manual and a reader. This covers the entire requirements of the curriculum (Years 7-12-students of 12-18). It emphasises the study of the special moving image language and the working of the mediated communication. The textbook ('Culture of the Moving Image and Media Education for students of 12-18') is built up according to school stages (from 7 to 12 Year).
    The contents in brief:

    Year 7 (12-13 years old)

    The age of technological images
    The (photo)copy of reality
    Information and meaning
    The art experience
    Summing activities
    Summing activities

    Year 8 (13-14 years old)

    Experience and memory
    The basic film language (plans, lighting, music etc.)
    Schemes for moving pictures
    Author's intentions, audience's expectations
    Representing the reality
    Medium of format
    Television programme timing
    Summing activities

    Year 9 (14-15 years old)

    The metonymy
    Moving image narratology
    The narrative, the story and the plot
    Literature and film: Different arts - different languages
    Types of TV broadcasting (public service and commercial TV; live and recorded)
    TV genres
    Soap opera
    The TV shows
    The Star
    Summing activities

    Year 10 (15-16 years old)

    The actor/actress on the moving picture
    What does the actor/actress say and how?
    The creation of the spectacle (the technical image)
    The relation between the camera and its object: the composition of the picture
    The mould for the expression by the moving image: The technology
    Film and reality
    The advertisement
    The clip
    Summing activities

    Year 11 (16-17 years old)

    The montage
    The double face of the culture of the moving image (high culture - mass culture)
    Popular film - "Author" film (art film)
    The genres of the popular film
    Some signposts for the analysis (the narrative structure and the style)
    The news (facts and opinions, impartiality, the nature of the news etc.)
    The news programmes

    Year 12 (17-18 years old)

    Some signposts for the analysis
    Some important styles of the film history:
  • German Expressionism
  • French Avant-garde
  • Soviet Avant-garde
  • Italian Neorealism
  • French New Wave
  • Czech New Wave
  • West-German New Film
    The age of the TV screen
    New media and phenomena

    The content of the reader ('The age of Images') is fit well to the viewpoints of the textbook. It is a selection of 60 classical and contemporary texts on film and media by international and Hungarian authors. The manual is a methodological aid for teachers and also contains a wide ranging bibliography and a list of films suggested for film and media work.

    The audiovisual aid of this pack provides teachers with samples for practical work using camera. It shows the work of 10 students together with a teacher and gives differing analyses of video pieces made by them.

    The first piece of multimedia CD-ROM for media education is also under development. It contains the oeuvre of a major Hungarian film director, Miklos Jancso, with a colorful historical and cultural background.

    A collection of films forms the basis of the education. It is important to make them available for the schools. The Hungarian Film Archive gives great attention to the renovation and the collection of the works but it can not supply all the schools in the country. The only solution is to store a collection of films on videotape in every Regional Media Education Center. With the cooperation of an art video-distributor (Odeon Art Video) a remarkable part of the film list has already been available.

    Regional Media Education Centers

    As it has already been mentioned above this network serves to help in the implementation and ongoing work in schools. In the May of 1998, there were 23 Centers, at least one in each counties and 3 in the capital. The network has already set up libraries with an increasing number of special books and videotapes.
    As part of their controlling work they conducted a research to investigate the preconditions of the media education in the schools. The result contains the answers of almost the all secondary schools (443) and some of the primary schools (398). 20% of the secondary schools have already had some kind of tradition in media education. Most of the cases included film aesthetic education within the literary curriculum and film clubs in the schools. The research found 347 teachers dealing with media education in some way.
    About the equipment:
    In an average secondary school there are:
  • 13,3 TV set
  • 6 VCR
  • 1,5 video camera
  • 33 PC
  • 43 art videotapes
  • 24 special film and media book

    Plans about the role of media education in the local schools' curriculum:
    Secondary schools Primary schools
    On its own 8% 4%
    Integrated in Hungarian cur. (literature and language) 21% 12%
    Integrated in Visual Culture cur. 16 % 25%

    There were plans for the integration in Civic Education and Information Technology (as mentioned above), but a big part of schools remained undecided at the time of the research.

    The level of the education (planned data):

    Secondary schools Primary schools
    Minimal 22% 35%
    General and Extra 18%20%
    Has not decided yet 62% 45%

    Attainment Targets

    The 'Culture of the Moving Image and Media Education' appears in the General Examination Order as one of the optional subjects. The development of the attainment targets is in progress.

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