Although the study of punctuation is part of orthography in terms of the tradition in Hungary, its place and presitge is quite different in other countries of Europe. In the English, German, French, Russian, etc. traditions, punctuation constitutes a chapter of grammar. However, the study of punctuation is also closely related, in addition to grammar, to other linguistic disciplines such as suprasegmental phonetics, stylistics, textology, semantics, psycholinguistics, etc. Furthermore, it is not only intertwined with those numerous branches of linguistics but is also part and parcel of cultural history. The talk surveys all those interdiciplinary aspects of the study of punctuation, albeit making no claim for completeness, and supports its statements by examples. Finally, the author argues that the study of punctuation marks is important as it facilitates the correct and accurate interpretation of texts, and advances the localization early written documents in place and time, the exploration of their sources, and sometimes even the identification of their authors or copiers.
Intercultural linguistics: a survey
The present paper is based on the recognition that despite the substantial role that has been ascribed to interculturality in numerous disciplines of the humanities and social sciences, no culture-centred linguistic paradigm has been delineated so far. Hence, the aim of this contribution is to develop or at least sketch the most important aspects of the horizon, outline and guidelines of an explicitly inter-, respectively transcultural linguistic thinking, to formulate questions concerning its subject matter, as well as to specify potential ways and aspects of academic research, thus planning a possible profile and dimensions of an inter- and transcultural “paradigm” of linguistics.
Temporal sentence frames
This paper explores the behaviour and meaning of temporal sentence frames of the type (a) Volt úgy, hogy..., Volt, hogy..., Volt, amikor... ‘It has already been the case that...’, (b) Az volt, hogy... ‘What happened was that...’, (c) Úgy volt, hogy... ‘The idea was that...’, in view of the aspectual characteristics of the subordinate clauses involved. The temporal sentence frames in question are reduced main clauses that hardly influence the propositional content of the whole sentence, or not at all; yet, by accurately pinpointing the reference time, they modify the temporal value of the sentence to a significant extent. Temporal sentence frames exert their influence in conjunction with the morphologically encoded temporal character (tense) of the subordinate clause and with the aspectual character of the whole sentence.
the systematization of technological and scientific terms
With the explosion-like development of science and technology we can witness today, the growth of special vocabulary, just like nearly all economic or social processes, has accelerated greatly. Such progress has resulted in quite a new situation with respect to defining new concepts, proposing and systematizing new terms for them, that is, in the research and development of terminology. This paper surveys some major features of the renewal of scientific and technological terminology, followed by a detailed account of the development of terminology in a relatively new branch of physics. As a concrete example, the term lézer ‘laser’ and its integration in the Hungarian system of terminology is discussed. The reason why it is some characteristic aspects of the terminological development of laser physics that are presented here is that useful experience can be gained for terminological development in general from an area in which new terminology has been successfully created in a fast progressing field and has also been integrated in the overall system of terminology. Finally, the imminent tasks of reforming terminology are summarized, including reasons leading to terminological confusion and the ways of overcoming them.