George Legrady

b. 1950 in Budapest.
Emigrated to Montréal, Québec (Canada) in 1956.
Attended Loyola College, Montréal, 1968-70, Goddard College in Vermont (USA)
1972-74, and the San Francisco Art Institute 1974-76, from which he obtained a Masters of Fine Arts in 1976.

Legrady's research and artwork began in a conceptual approach to photographic representation. Since the mid-1980's, his projects have focused on the cultural and theoretical implications of digital computer media and its impact on our belief in the image.

As Associate Professor of Interactive Computer Media, Conceptual Art and Theory in Information Arts / Conceptual Design, within the Art Department at San Francisco State University, an art programme that integrates cultural theory and advanced applications in digital technology within the contexts of conceptual art and contemporary art practice, Legrady received the USC Innovative Teaching Award. He was Visiting Scholar at the Hungarian Academy of Fine Arts, Budapest, for a semester in 1994. He is currently Professor of Electronic Media at the Merz Akademie in Stuttgart, Germany.


Selected solo exhibitions


1981    Floating Objects, London Regional Art Gallery, London, Ontario (Canada)
   Staged Photographs, Institute for Arts & Urban Resources, P.S.1, L.I.C., New York; Yajima Galerie, Montréal, Québec, Canada;
1983    Staged Photographs, San Francisco Cameraworks (USA)
1984    Stock Footage, La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Arts, California; University of Arizona, Tuscon, Arizona; CEPA Gallery, Buffalo, New York, USA
1986    Posing & Studies for Monuments, L.A.C.E., Los Angeles; Yajima Galerie, Montréal, Québec, Canada
1987    From Noise to Signal, USC Atelier Gallery, Santa Monica, California
   From the Yellow Pages, Galerie Chantal Boulanger, Montréal, Québec, Canada
1991    Between East & West, YYZ Gallery, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
1992    Nothing Essential Happens in the Absence of Noise, Watertoren, Hedendaadse Kunst, Vlissingen, The Netherlands
1994    [The clearing] (with Gilles Peress), New Langton Arts, San Francisco, California
1995    George Legrady: Interactive Media Art, Rovaniemi Art Museum, Rovaniemi, Finland
1996    Open Space Gallery, Ansel Adams Center, San Francisco, California, USA
1997    Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography (National Gallery), Ottawa, Canada


Selected group exhibitions and installations


1989-90    The Photography of Invention (curated by Joshua Smith), National Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institution, Washington D.C.; Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
1993    In/Out of the Cold, Center for the Arts, Yerba Buena Gardens, San Francisco,
1993-94    The Digital Image, Equivalents II, in: Iterations, (curated by Tim Druckrey), International Center for Photography, New York City;
   Montage '93, Memorial Art Gallery, Rochester, New York
1994    An Anecdoted Archive from the Cold War, Artifices 3, Salle de la Legion d'Honneur, Marie de Saint-Denis, Paris
   An Anecdoted Archive, ISEA'94, Helsinki Museum of Contemporary Art, Helsinki
   An Anecdoted Archive, Fifteen Years of Ars Electronica, Landesmuseum, Linz, Austria
1994-95    An Anecdoted Archive, Les Hypermedias, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
1995    Slippery Traces, Biennale d'Art Contemporain de Lyon, Lyon, France
   ISEA'95, Montréal, Québec, Canada
   An Anecdoted Archive, ARC Interactive Media Festival, Los Angeles, USA
   V2-DEAF, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
   Obsessions: from Wunderkammer to Cyberspace, Foto Biennale, Rijksmuseum Twenthe, Enschede, The Netherlands
   International VideoFest (Berlin Video Festival), Berlin
   The 6th Fukui International Video Biennale, Fukui, Japan
1995-97    Photography After Photography, Siemens Kultur Programm, Munich, Germany (Travelling to Kunsthalle, Krems, Austria; Städtische Galerie Erlangen, Brandenburgische Kunstsammlungen, Cottbus, Germany; Museet for Fotokunst, Odense, Denmark; Fotomuseum, Winterthur, Switzerland; also: Helsinki, ICA London, Philadelphia, Adelaide)
1996    The Butterfly Effect, Mûcsarnok (Kunsthalle), Budapest European Media Art Festival (EMAF), Osnabruck, Germany Everybody's Talking, Gemeente Museum Helmond, Helmond, The Netherlands Das digital Wort, Word Up Festival, Vienna Can it Digit?, Postmasters Gallery, New York
1996-98    CD-ROM: Burning the Interface, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney, Australia
1997    Deep Storage (curated by Siemens Kultur Program), Haus der Kunst, Munich, Germany; Neue National Galerie, Berlin
   Kunst und Austellunghalle der Bundesrepublik, Bonn


Selected solo exhibitions
Interactive works (digital interactive work since 1993)


1992-94    Equivalents II
(An interactive work based on 2D fractal synthesis to create organic abstract images from text input by the user. The project is based on Alfred Stieglitz's 1922 project, Equivalents.)
1994    [The Clearing]
(An interactive artwork that explores the "computer game" form for information access, with a focus on the representation of the War in Bosnia during the 1993-1994 period.)
   An Anecdoted Archive from the Cold War
(An installation work and CD-ROM about the intersection of personal and official narratives in Stalinist Hungary using the floorplan of the former Communist propaganda museum into which are inserted over 60 stories.)
1996    Slippery Traces
1997    Tracing


Selected lectures


1989    Belief & the Image, New Genres Program, San Francisco Art Institute, San Francisco
   Digital Vision, Minneapolis College of Art & Design, Minneapolis, Minnesota (USA)
1990    NCGA Computer Graphics Association Convention, Anaheim, California (USA)
1991    Vision dans le contexte des technologies digitales, Université de Paris I - Sorbonne, Paris
   Culture & Narrative, Art Gallery of Ontario, Toronto, Canada
1992    Copyright/Computers, Conference on Copyright Issues, SF Lawyers for the Arts, San Francisco
   Digital Issues Photography Program, University of Essen, Essen, Germany
   Society of Photographic Education Conference, Santa Barbara, California (USA)
   Digital World, New Genres Graduate Program, San Francisco Art Institute
1993    Photoscape '93 Conference, SF Cameraworks Gallery, San Francisco
   La Croyance et l'image digitale, Conference at the Ecole Nationale de Beaux-Arts, Paris
   International Center of Photography, New York
1994    ISEA'94, Helsinki
   MetaForum '94, Hungarian Academy of Fine Arts, Budapest
   NewMediaLogia, Soros Center for Contemporary Art, Moscow
   Film Studies Program, Eötvös Loránd University of Sciences (ELTE), Budapest
   Hungarian Film Institute, Budapest
   Les Hypermédias Colloquium, (Keynote lecture with Nam June Paik and Pierre Lévy),
Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
Hochschule für Grafik und Buchkunst, Leipzig, Germany
1995    School of Visual Arts, New York
   Center for Research in Computing and the Arts, University of California, San Diego,
   La Jolla, California, USA
   Hochschule für Medien Institut, Linz, Austria
   Skopje Fine Arts Academy, Skopje, Macedonia
   Soros Center for Contemporary Art, Skopje, Macedonia
   Interactive Media Festival, Los Angeles (USA)
   Media Arts Department, University of Lappland, Rovaniemi, Finland
   Interactive Media: A new Creative Frontier, Siggraph '95 National Conference, Los Angeles (USA)
   Two Multimedia Artists Show Their Award-Winning Work, UCLA, Department of Extended Education Lecture Program, Los Angeles, USA
   ISEA'95, Montréal, Québec, Canada
   SCAN-University of Groningen, The Netherlands
   Soros Center for Contemporary Art, Tallinn, Estonia
   Medien-Salon, AktionForum Praterinsel, Munich, Germany
1996    L'Esthétique et la politique de l'image, organised by Université de Paris I - Sorbonne & VIII - Saint-Denis, Musée d'art Africains et Océaniques, Paris
   New Media Conference, Goethe-Institut Prague, Czech Republic Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
1997    Akademie Schloss Solitude, Stuttgart, Germany
   ISEA'97, Chicago (USA)
   George Legrady: from Analog to Digital, National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa
   Bauhaus University, Weimar,Germany




1988-89    Canada Council Arts Fellowship Award
1990    SFSU Faculty Professional Development Award
1991    Canada Council Project Grant
1993    WESTAF National Endowment for the Arts Regional Fellowship in Photography
1993-94    Canada Council, Computer-Integrated Media Award
   Prix Ars Electronica, Honorable Mention, Linz, Austria
   New Voices, New Vision Competition Grand Prize Award, Voyager Co.,
   Wired magazine, Interval Research Corporation
   National Endowment for the Arts Award, Photography Fellowship
1995    Artslink, NEA/Soros Foundation Grant
1996    Artslink, National Endowment for the Arts Award
1997    Canada Council Computer-Aided Media Award
   I.D. Magazine, Best of CD-ROM Competition


Selected artist publications


1980    Everyday Stories
1981    Floating Objects (artist book and catalogue), George Legrady and the London Regional Art Gallery, London Ontario, Canada
1984    Stock Footage, George Legrady and CEPA Gallery, Buffalo, NY, USA
1993    Who's Speaking to Whom ..., Entgrenzte Grenzen II, Ed. Richard Kriesche, Kulturdata, Graz, Austria
1994    [the clearing], computer disk publication, base.arts, San Francisco, USA
   An Anecdoted Archive from the Cold War (CD-ROM), HyperReal Media Productions
   Interface Metaphors and the Anecdoted archive, Revue Virtuelle 12, Intro. by Jean-Louis Boissier, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris
1995    Image Language and Belief in Synthesis, in: Critical Issues in Electronic Media, Ed. Simon Penny, SUNY press, New York
   George Legrady: Interactive Media Art, curated by Erkki Huhtamo, Rovaniemi Art Museum, Rovaniemi, Finland
1996    ArtintAct 3 (Slippery Traces) (CD-ROM), ZKM, Karlsruhe, Germany
1997    Mythic Narrative in Hungarian Newsreel Footage of the 1950's (An interactive work that examines the role of fantasy in newsreel footage narratives of the Stalin Era, CD-ROM publication, Budapest) National Gallery of Canada, Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography (solo exhibition catalogue CD-ROM)


Selected Bibliography


1988    Digital Photography, curated by Jim Pomeroy, San Francisco Camerawork Gallery, San Francisco
1989    Fotografie, Wissenschaft und neue Technologien, Kunstmuseum, Dusseldorf, Germany
   The Photography of Invention, Museum of American Art, Smithsonian Institute, MIT Press
1993    Iterations: The Digital Image, Tim Druckrey, MIT Press/International Center of Photography, New York
1994    Artifices 3, Ed. Anne-Marie Duguet, Jean-Louis Boissier, Saint-Denis, France
   'Mémoires vives,' Jean-Paul Fargier, in: Le Monde, 18 Nov. 1994, Paris
1995    'Interview by Katalin Timár,' in: BALKON, 1/95, Budapest
   [the clearing], Mark Bartlett, in: SEE magazine, Vol 1:1, Winter 1995, Ansel Adams Center, San Francisco
   Photography after Photography, Siemens Kultur Programm, Munich, Germany
   'False Endings, Anecdoted Histories, Deterritorialized Subjects and Central European Imaginaries,' Irit Rogoff, in: ART & DESIGN, 8/95, London
   'Interview by Erzsébet Komár,' in: Filmkultúra, 8/95, Budapest
   'The Art World and I go on Line,' Robert Atkins, in: Art in America, 12/95, New York



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